77th Field Artillery Regiment
Lineage and History
Lineage: Constituted 1 July 1916 in the Regular Army as Troops G and H, 19th Cavalry. Organized 11 June 1917 at Fort Ethan Allen, Vermont. Converted, consolidated, and redesignated 1 November 1917 as Battery D, 77th Field Artillery. (77th Field Artillery assigned 19 November 1917 to the 4th Division.) Inactivated 21 September 1921 at Camp Lewis, Washington. (77th Field Artillery relieved 24 March 1923 from assignment to the 4th Division and assigned to the 7th Division; relieved 1 January 1930 from assignment to the 7th Division and assigned to the 4th Division.) Activated 1 November 1935 at Fort D.A. Russell, Wyoming. (77th Field Artillery relieved 16 October 1939 from assignment to the 4th Division.)
Reorganized and redesignated 24 February 1944 as Battery A, 631st Field Artillery Battalion. Inactivated 8 September 1945 in Italy. Redesignated 4 November 1946 as Battery A, 85th Field Artillery Battalion. Activated 1 July 1948 at Fort Riley, Kansas, as an element of the 10th Infantry Division. Inactivated 1 July 1957 in Germany and relieved from assignment to the 10th Infantry Division.
Redesignated 27 June 1958 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 4th Battalion, 77th Artillery. Redesignated 19 March 1959 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 4th Howitzer Battalion, 77th Artillery; concurrently, withdrawn from the Regular Army, allotted to the Army Reserve, and assigned to the 90th Infantry Division (organic elements concurrently constituted). Battalion activated 1 April 1959 with Headquarters at Austin, Texas. Inactivated 15 March 1963 at Austin, Texas, and relieved from assignment to the 90th Infantry Division.
Redesignated 1 September 1968 as the 4th Battalion, 77th Artillery; concurrently, withdrawn from the Army Reserve, allotted to the Regular Army, assigned to the 101st Airborne Division, and activated at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.
Redesignated 1 September 1971 as the 4th Battalion, 77th Field Artillery. Inactivated 21 January 1978 at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, and relieved from assignment to the 101st Airborne Division.
Activated 15 April 1983 in Germany, reorganized from the units of the 2nd of the 5th Artillery. The unit was an 8-inch M110A2 Self Propelled Howitzer unit and assigned to the 41st Field Artillery Brigade. The unit was stationed at the Babenhausen Kaserne. Inactivated 15 October 1991 in Germany.
|CAMPAIGN PARTICIPATION CREDIT|
|World War I||Vietnam|
|*Aisne-Marne||*Counteroffensive, Phase V|
|*St Mihiel||*Counteroffensive, Phase VI|
|*Champaigne 1918||*Summer-Fall 1969 Apinnies|
|*Lorraine 1918||*Winter-Spring 1970|
|World War II||*Counteroffensive, Phase VII|
|*Sicily (with arrowhead)||*Consolidation I|
|Southern France (with arrowhead)|
|*Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM (4th Battalion, 77th Artillery, cited; DA GO 13, 1974)|
|*Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1968-1969 (4th Battalion, 77th Artillery, cited; DA GO 43, 1970)|
|*Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1971 (4th Battalion, 77th Artillery, cited; DA GO 6, 1974)|
|*Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1968-1970 (4th Battalion, 77th Artillery, cited; DA GO 48, 1971)|
|Battery C additionally entitled to Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered DONG AP BIA MOUNTAIN (Battery C, 4h Battalion, 77th Artillery, cited; DA GO 16, 1972)|